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Articles by: Alexandra Fanelli

  • Giorgio Morandi, Natura Morta, 1918
    Art & Culture

    A Trailblazer of Italian Modern Art

     
     
    CIMA  - The Center of Italian Modern Art`- was founded by curator, art historian, and collector Laura Mattioli, who earned her PhD in  art history  from Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan taught for many years at the “Statale” University in  Milan and the Fine Arts Academy in Bergamo. Daughter of the Milanese cotton magnate and art collector Gianni Mattioli, Laura grew up surrounded by artworks, many of which by Italian Modernists whom she happened to know personally. Upon her father’s death, she inherited the collection, and arranged part of it to be held long-term at the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice. Organized around the principle of “slow art,” CIMA maintains the feel of a home, inspired by Laura’s father, who opened his Milan apartment on Sundays during the 50’s to share his collection with visitors. The arrangement encourages an intimate and in-depth experience of the works. 
     
    Past and Future Exhibitions 
     
    CIMA organizes annual exhibitions, mainly devoted to artists and to works rarely displayed outside of Italy. For its inaugural year, CIMA presented an installation of the work of Italian artist Fortunato Depero, followed by the modernist Medardo Rosso in 2015, Giorgio Morandi in 2016, and Giulio Paolini in relation to Giorgio de Chirico in 2017.
     
    The 2017-18 exhibition, which ended last June, featured 25 rarely seen works of Greek-born Italian multidisciplinary artist Alberto Savinio (1891–1952). Mostly unknown outside of Italy, Alberto Savinio is a pseudonym adopted by Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico, so that he would not be eclipsed by his older, famous brother, Giorgio de Chirico. 
     
    For its 2018-19 academic year, opening on October 19, CIMA will present its first group show, “Metaphysical Masterpieces 1916-1920: Morandi, Sironi, and Carrà”, in collaboration with Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, and curated in collaboration with that museum’s Director James Bradburne.The exhibition focuses on a short period that ends the first phase of the avant-garde movements of Cubism in France and Futurism in Italy and blossoms into a new poetics, which will eventually lead to the “Return to Order” in the early 1920s.
     
    Works from these years were primarily acquired by a few Milanese collectors among whom was Gianni Mattioli. His collection has been promised on long-term loan to the Pinacoteca di Brera in Milan. However, due to unforeseen delays in the rehabilitation of the Palazzo Citterio, the historic palace where the museum’s magnificent 20th-century collections will be housed, the opening of what is known as Brera Modern is now scheduled for 2020. That “fortunate incident” has made possible this extraordinary exhibition at CIMA, offering the American and international public a preview of what will be on display in Milan in two years.
     
    Italian Modern Art conquering the scene
     
    In the past few years New York signalled a growing interest for Italian modern and contemporary art. This emerged in several occasions including the opening of CIMA in 2014, the Alberto Burri retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum in 2015, and th opening of Magazzino Italian Art in 2017. We asked Laura Mattioli to help us understand this phenomenon.
     
    “First of all,” she replied, “unlike archaeological objects and artworks from earlier centuries, Italian  post-war artworks can circulate freely on the international market without risking being declared ’national heritage‘ by law, which would force them within the Italian territory with heavy bureaucratic constraints. Secondly, the works of the most important American, German, or English artists are now rare and extremely costly; only a limited group of particularly wealthy collectors can afford them. The prices of Italian artists already historicized, which are therefore a safe investment, are instead far more accessible. Thirdly, post-war Italian art has almost always had a strong and explicitly political and social character, linked to the complexities of our country, somewhere on the border between NATO and the USSR. This political commitment, I believe, is conidered of particular interest in America today,” Mattioli concluded. 
     
    CIMA’s educational mission 
     
    Another major aspect of CIMA’a activity is their educational focus. Each year, CIMA awards fellowships to young scholars pursuing the pre-doctoral and post-doctoral study of 20th-century Italian art who wish to incorporate the annual exhibitions in their work and act as docents for guided exhibition tours. The program has already expanded from two to five fellows. In addition, the center offers a variety of educational programs including lectures, readings, tours, artist-led drawing nights, family programs, screenings, and performances. “CIMA is trying to grow,” sais Mattioli. “The programs with middle school children were those who gave us the greatest satisfaction last year. We try to differentiate our programs for different audiences, not just for specialists. It is a big commitment and an integral part of our mission.”
  • Maurizio Cattelan, “America” (2016)
    Art & Culture

    Cattelan's "America" for Trump's Living Quarters

    In September 2017, the White House requested an art loan from the Guggenheim Museum. The painting in question is Vincent Van Gogh's Landscape With Snow, an 1888 oil painting of a man wearing a black hat walking his dog across the snowy landscape of Arles, France.

    According to Art News, Chief Curator of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, Nancy Spector, told the White House that the museum was unable to comply with the request, explaining that the painting is “prohibited from travel except for the rarest of occasions,” and that it was on its way to the Guggenheim in Bilbao. 

    Spector, who has been outspoken about Trump’s administration on social media, suggested Maurizio Cattelan's America instead as a more apposite long-term loan.

    America, a title already loaded with intention

    America is a fully functional, eighteen-karat solid-gold toilet that has been installed in a bathroom on the museum’s fifth floor in 2016. With a guard outside the restroom door monitoring the work, visitors have the chance to interact with both the installation, and what it means to be the 1% that can afford such things.

    “It is, of course, extremely valuable and somewhat fragile, but we would provide all the instructions for its installation and care" Spector wrote in an email.

    The meaning behing the decoration of the White House

    It is commonplace for Presidents to borrow masterworks from major museums as well as purchase new works for the White House permanent collection. Choosing artworks for the embellishment of the white house holds great significance and responsibility and should not only showcase American tradition, but stay relevant, open new dialogues and represent the nation's multicultural background. Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy once said, "Everything in the White House must have a reason for being there." 

    The Obamas, for instance, borrowed numerous works from prestigious museums. Unlike their forbearers, they diversified and modernized the White House collection to include works of 20th and 21st Century art as well as works by female artists of African-American, Asian and Hispanic descent.

    Maurizio Cattelan's provocative works

    Maurizio Cattelan is an Italian conceptual artist known for his subversive and humorous displays; his work often satirizes popular culture, authority figures and the art world itself. Among Cattelan’s most startling sculptures is, La Nona Ora (The Ninth Hour) a life-sized effigy of Pope John Paul II struck down by a meteor.

    Created nearly a century after Marcel Duchamp’s seminal work Fountain, Cattelan’s sculpture pays homage to the greatest readymade ever. “America is one-percent art for the ninety-nine percent” stated Cattelan. Furthermore, the Guggenheim pointed out that the sculpture is actually a great leveler. As Cattelan has said, “Whatever you eat, a two-hundred-dollar lunch or a two-dollar hot dog, the results are the same, toilet-wise.” 

    The work is a scathing comment on our current reality, from the excesses of the art market, to the mounting gap between the poor and the wealthy. And, emblematic of this massive discrepancy, the United States elected a billionaire to its highest office. 

    It is hard to fathom how someone who has called for the elimination of the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities, something that would paralyze the nation’s cultural life, would want to surround himself with art. However, the president is known for decorating his residences with gold, thus he might accept Spector’s suggestion and find it a great place to contemplate his morning tweets.